Once you have taught your puppy "Sit", Down", and "Stand" you can start to use them when grooming, teeth cleaning, nail clipping, veterinary visits and home health inspections.
EARS - CHECK EARS FOR DIRT OR DEBRIS
Long eared dogs such as spaniels and poodles are more prone to ear infections, which are irritating and painful. Never poke around in your dog's ears.
It is advisable to check the ears weekly and gently clean them with ear wipes, which are available at pet shops. If there are signs of irritation or infection, consult your vet.
EYES - CHECK EYES FOR BUILD UP
Eyes require very little care apart from wiping them when there is a build up of mucus in the corners or, what we call, "Eye boggies".
Use cotton or lint an moistened with warm water to clean.
For breeds which require their coats stripping, ensure that the hair is not allowed to grow to such an extent as to interfere with your dogs eyes.
Beware of draughts, especially if you are driving with your dog next to an open window.
TEETH - CHECK TEETH FOR TARTAR
The care of your dogs teeth may save a lot of trouble and money in later years.
Teeth can get a buildup of tartar if neglected this may result in your vet having to scale the teeth under aesthetic.
There are some excellent dental chews which you can give your dog regularly and occasional marrowbone will clean their teeth very well as well as keeping them entertained!
Dog toothpaste and various toothbrushes are available, even ones you slip on your finger.
Get your dog used to you touching their mouth and teeth before you attempt to clean them. I suggest putting some yummy dog pate on your finger or on the brush first and allowing your dog to lick your finger, lift their gums, rub your finger over their teeth. Once they are comfortable you can try the finger brush or if you are using a doggie tooth brush then get them used to the brush and do this vary gently.
Nails - check if nails need trimming
Some dogs never need their nails trimming, whilst others do regular.
Your vet or groomer can cut them for you.
If you wish to keep them tidy yourself you can get dog nail clippers, be very careful, there is a vain running through the nail, look closely and if you can't see the vain or are not confident leave it to a professional, if you can see the vain then just take the tip off. There are also files available which will just file the end off and are much safer.
Hair between the toes
If your dog has an abundance of hair between the toes or pads keep it trimmed to avoid irritation.
Regularly check that there are no foreign bodes i.e thorns and grass seeds/darts and ticks etc between the pads especially after each walk.
GROOMING - MAINTAINING YOUR DOGS COAT
Though it is obvious that long haired dogs need brushing at least once a week, short haired dogs also shed their hair but they're good with a brush every couple of weeks to remove loose hairs. Wirery haired dogs, like Dachshunds, only require a once over with a metal comb every few days to remove the dead hairs in the undercoat.
Brushing your dogs hair regularly will remove excess hair, distribute the natural oils in your dogs fur and skin, will prevent painful matting, and will keep your dogs coat looking healthy, silky and shinny.
Grooming your dog is also relaxing for you both and a lovely bonding exercise.
If your dog isn't happy with a brush or comb you can also buy grooming gloves which feels just as if you are caressing your pup with your hand.